The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard (–). L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only.

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Lugard believed that, at the grassroots, traditional authority would constitute an effective instrument in enforcing colonial policies, administrating justice in local disputes, maintaining law and order, and collecting taxes. He realised that there were vast profits to be made through the export of resources such as rubber, and through taxation of native populations as well as importers and exporters The British taxpayer continually made a loss from the colonies in this period.

The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

Indirect rule as a principle of colonial local government became the standard policy in most of British Africa. His next enterprise was under the imperial British East Africa Companyone of the chartered companies that preceded imperial annexation luagrd Africa.

In this work, Lugard outlined the reasons and methods that he recommended for the colonisation of Africa by Britain. The Colonial Office called the idea of a university “Sir Frederick’s pet lamb”.

The dual mandate in British tropical Africa

Arounda group of Swahili traders msndate Mlozi bin Kazbadema established trading bases in the north-west sector of Lake Malawiincluding a stockade at Chilumba on the lake from where ivory and slaves could be shipped across the lake. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Lugard’s thesis ascribed to imperial Europe a fundamental right to Africa’s “wasted bounties of nature,” and also the responsibility of holding them in trust and developing them for the benefit of humankind.


In Northern Nigeria, Lugard permitted slavery within traditional elite families. He loathed the educated and sophisticated Africans of the coastal regions.

Lugard was appointed to the Distinguished Service Order in Thus, they lacked the authoritarianism of the northern emirs. This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat However, in practice the British turned the chiefs into agents of the colonial administration. She died in January ; Lugard survived her by sixteen years and died on 11 Aprilaged Nonetheless, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is illuminating for readers seeking to understand the foundations of British colonial policies in Africa.

Following the Fulani jihad ofthe hitherto individualistic and competing Hausa states became united under a strong centralized theocratic state known as the Sokoto Caliphate.

Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the…. The name ‘Dealtry’ was in honour of Thomas Dealtrya friend of his father. In he became Baron Lugard of Abinger and spoke with authority in the House of Lords on colonial subjects.

The attempts of rulers to forcibly collect imposed colonial taxes bred discontentment in some parts of Yorubaland. Though sometimes misapplied or overprolonged, it helped bridge the gap between tribal systems and the new movements toward democracy and unity. The African Lakes Company depot at Karonga was evacuated at the end of the year but in MayCaptain Lugard, persuaded by the British Consul at Mozambique, arrived to lead an expedition against Mlozi, sponsored by the African Lakes Company but without official British Government support.


During his tenure, Lugard proposed to return Weihaiwei to the Chinese government, in return for the ceding of the rented New Territories in perpetuity.

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Dual Mandate, Africa |

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention. Theoretically powerful, Yoruba traditional rulers, the obaswere restrained by a complex system of checks and balances.

Governors of Hong Kong. However, when the company….

Lugrd dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard —the best known of lugarv British colonial officers to serve in Africa.

His name is especially associated with Nigeriawhere he served as high commissioner —06 and governor and governor-general — He also saw state-sponsored colonisation as a way to protect missionaries, local chiefs and local people from each other, as well as from foreign powers. In AugustLugard departed on foot from Mombasa for Uganda to secured British predominance over German influence in the area and put an end to the civil disturbances between factions in the kingdom of Buganda.

Retrieved 7 December