Brief summary. No one has contributed a brief summary to this page yet. Explore what EOL knows about Bursera grandifolia. Add a brief summary to this page. With large, arcing trunks that branch near the base, this species looks like an enormous rounded shrub. Bursera grandifolia does indeed have very large leaflets. Nat Prod Commun. Nov;4(11) Phenacetin isolated from Bursera grandifolia, a herbal remedy with antipyretic properties. Velázquez F(1).

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This beautiful tree is found in the central Balsas Depression in central southern Mexico. It grows in very dry forest with many other Bursera species and many columnar cacti. The middle photo from atop a B. The photo right of center is of a tropical dry forest in which B.

You can see the red to copper bark and bluish foliage here and there across the hillside. The largest individual we have seen, at lower right, is in the parking lot at the Xochicalco archeological site in Morelos state. With large, arcing trunks that vursera near the base, this species looks like an enormous bufsera shrub. Bursera grandifolia does indeed have very large leaflets, which tend to be very fuzzy.

Research and Conservation in Southern Sonora, Mexico

The species is found in tropical dry forests of central Mexico. The greenish gray inner bark contrasts strongly with the reddish outermost bark, making this species a striking member of the dry forest flora. The flowers of Bursera species are usually produced in male and female versions, though there are often exceptions. This photo shows the female flowers of B. The male flowers, in contrast, have five petals. This strange species from western Mexico begins life like a normal tree, with a conventional trunk and branches that all support their own weight left.

With age, the branches begin to grow back on themselves, growing around and around within the crown of the tree. These branches rest on earlier-formed, self-supporting branches, much in the way that a liana would. One such branch removed from the tree is shown at right. It was 8 cm in diameter and 4 meters long!

This species is remarkable in the simaruba clade for being the species with the thinnest twigs. Whereas all of the other species have very thick twigs, the young shoots of B. The species is found in tropical dry forest bursega the Pacific coast of Mexico.


These photos were taken in Jalisco state. These magnificent trees are particularly striking for the deep red color of their trunks, which are an amazing sight sprawling in deep, shady canyons, as at left, or ascending in open forest, as at right. Like some other members bursear the simaruba clade, this species grows in moist canyons in the transition zone between highland pine-oak forest and lowland tropical subdeciduous forest. It is very hard to tell apart from B. This species is similar in many respects to B.

It grows in fairly tall, moist tropical subdeciduous forests of the Pacific coast of Mexico.

Bursera grandifolia

In some places, it occurs very close to sharp transition zones, with pines and oaks growing just above a zone of broadleaf forest. This is the most widespread species of Burseraoccurring from southern Florida and the Caribbean, along both coasts of Mexico to South America. The species is highly variable and is found in everything from tropical dry forest to tall rainforest. The images in the upper row are from rainforest on the Gulf coast of Mexico. Bursera simaruba as a landscape plant in the Comalcalco archaeological site in Tabasco.

Bursera simaruba pruned and shaped by salt laden sea breezes just above the beach in Veracruz. Bursera simaruba is often used as a living fence. Thick sections of branch readily root and make perfect fence posts that don’t rot in tropical climates as dead wooden posts would. This fence is very close to the Gulf in Veracruz. Bursera simaruba is also grandifoila on the Pacific slope, from Sonora to South America. This photo is from a shady arroyo in the Chamela grandifooia station on the coast of Jalisco.

The photos in the row below are also from the coast of Jalisco and Nayarit, where B. In Mexico, the Pacific and Atlantic populations of Bursera simaruba are widely separated.

Alamos Trees; Bursera Grandifolia

Where the land narrows in Central America, these plants can be found on both coasts very close to one another in very different forest types, from Caribbean slope rainforest to Pacific dry forest, as in these images are from Costa Rica.

Frandifolia left are trees from the Caribbean, at Cahuita, and at the Palo Verde research station on the Pacific in the two remaining images. Grwndifolia simaruba is found on all the islands of the Caribbean, from the smallest to the largest. Here, we show it growing with the cycad Microcycas calocoma in dense woods on limestone.


Our research shows that this enigmatic species is a member of the simaruba complex. It is endemic to the low, dense tropical dry forests of the southern Isthmus of Tehuantepec and is very distinctive for its grandjfolia, leathery leaves that have just three or even only one leaflet. This species was only recently recognized as an entitiy distinct from Bursera simaruba. It grows in warm, rather moist tropical deciduous forests on the Pacific coast of Grandifoliia. It is sometimes hard to tell from B.

The three photos on the left in the row below are from Guerrero; the one on the right is from the central dry depression of Chiapas. We visited the type locality of Bursera longicuspis in Chiapas, to find that the plants there are individuals of B. The plants seemed shorter and squatter than those at lower elevations. Bursera species usually flower and start to leaf out just as the dry season is ending.

Phenacetin isolated from Bursera grandifolia, a herbal remedy with antipyretic properties.

This Bursera ovalifolia in the forest of the Chamela resarch station in Jalisco is crowned ggandifolia leaves in the first week of rain of the season. The rest of the trees in the forest are not far behind. This species is very distinctive for its leaves with three large hairy leaflets.

It grows in dry tropical forest in Guerrero and Oaxaca. This remarkable species is a hemiepiphyte.

That is, it grows high in other trees, but sends long, flexible, liana-like roots down to the forest floor. It is known only from the moist forest of the central and southern Pacific slopes of Costa Rica. In the photo with arrows, the upper arrow indicates one of the arching branches of B. The leaves of B. The group of Bursera species that are endemic to the islands of the Caribbean appears to be part of the simaruba clade.